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Why Do I Have Cystic Acne?

Why Do I Have Cystic Acne?

Most people experience the scourge of acne at some point in their lives particularly during the teen years. An unlucky subset of individuals, however, suffer from an even more serious type of this everyday condition known as cystic acne. Fortunately, treatments are available to help.

Here at Plateroti Dermatology located in Templeton, California, Dr. Carmelo Plateroti and our top-notch team can treat all your dermatologic and aesthetic needs. Whether you're looking to refresh your appearance or treat a medical issue like cystic acne, we use an integrative approach that combines the most up-to-date Western medicine treatments with carefully vetted and effective holistic care.

Cystic acne

The most serious kind of acne, cystic acne occurs when oil, bacteria, and dry skin cells block the pores and create cysts under the skin. Unlike other types of acne, which look like they are on the surface of the skin, cystic acne is deeper and larger. It can look like a boil, a large white bump or a cyst filled with pus. Redness can occur, and it can feel sensitive or painful when touched.

Cystic acne can affect not only the face, but other areas too including the neck, shoulders, chest, back, and arms. If left untreated, cystic acne can cause emotional distress as well as permanent damage to the skin in the form of depressions, pits, and/or raised red scars.

Risk factors

Normally, the oily substance sebum helps protect the skin and hair follicles, but when overproduction occurs and is coupled with the faster growth of skin cells, cystic acne can result. This excess sebum can happen because of hormonal changes during the teen years as well as from a woman's menstrual cycle, use of birth control, pregnancy, and from hormone therapy. Stress can also play a role.

Other contributing factors for cystic acne include:

Diagnosis and treatment options

A dermatologist can make the correct diagnosis of cystic acne and develop a personalized treatment plan. There are a number of prescription medications available, including isotretinoin, oral antibiotics, topical retinoids, and spironolactone. Oral contraceptives are another option. A professional can also recommend a specialized skin care regimen to help achieve smoother, clearer skin.

Cystic acne can be difficult to treat at home, so getting the help of a medical professional is best. Click our request appointment button today, or call us at 805-434-2526 to learn more.

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